Please visit this page often for updates to both local and national child care protocols regarding health and safety.
What you should know…
• This is more than a drop side issue. Immobilizing your current crib will not make it compliant.
• You cannot determine compliance by looking at the product.
• The new standards apply to all full-size and non full-size cribs including wood, metal and stackable cribs.
• If you purchase a crib prior to the June 28, 2011 effective date and you are unsure it meets the new federal standard, CPSC recommends that you verify the crib meets the standard by asking for proof.
• Ask the manufacturer, retailer, importer or distributor to show a Certificate of Compliance. The document must:
Describe the product
Give name, full mailing address and telephone number for importer or domestic manufacturer
Identify the rule for which it complies (16 CFR 1219 or 1220)
Give name, full mailing address, email address and telephone number for the records keeper and location of testing lab
Give date and location of manufacture and testing
•Should not resell, donate or give away a crib that does not meet the new crib standards.
•The crib must also have a label attached with the date of manufacture
What you should do…
All child care facilities, family child care homes, and places of public accommodation:
• Must prepare to replace their current cribs with new, compliant cribs before December 28, 2012.
• Dispose of older, noncompliant cribs in a manner that the cribs cannot be reassembled and used.
• Noncompliant cribs should not be resold through online auction sites or donated to local thrift stores. CPSC recommends disassembling the crib before discarding it.
The New Crib Standard: Questions and Answers
By CPSC Blogger on March 4, 2011
Since CPSC approved a new crib rule, your questions have been flowing into us. While most questions have revolved around the drop side, it’s important for you to know that the new standard affects far more than the drop side. A crib’s mattress support, slats, and hardware are now required to be more durable and manufacturers will have to test to new more stringent requirements to prove compliance.
Here are some of your questions along with answers:
What is the new standard for cribs?
Beginning June 28, 2011, all cribs manufactured and sold (including resale) must comply with new and improved federal safety standards. The new rules, which apply to full-size and non full-size cribs, prohibit the manufacture or sale of traditional drop-side rail cribs, strengthen crib slats and mattress supports, improve the quality of hardware and require more rigorous testing. The details of the rule are available on CPSC’s website at www.cpsc.gov/businfo/frnotices/fr11/cribfinal.pdf
The new rules also apply to cribs currently in use at child care centers and places of public accommodation. By December 28, 2012, these facilities must use only compliant cribs that meet the new federal safety standards.
When will the new, safer cribs be available for purchase?
Beginning on June 28, 2011, all cribs sold in the United States must meet the new federal requirements. After that date, it will be illegal to manufacture, sell, contract to sell or resell, lease, sublet, offer, provide for use, or otherwise place in the stream of commerce a crib that does not comply with the CPSC’s new standards for full-size and non-full-size cribs. This includes manufacturers, retail stores, Internet retailers, resale shops, auction sites and consumers.
What if I need to purchase a new crib prior to June 28, 2011?
Some compliant cribs may be available before the required date. However, you will not be able tell if the crib is compliant by looking at the crib. So, you may want to ask the retail store or the manufacturer whether the crib complies with 16 CFR 1219, the new federal standard for full-size cribs or with 16 CFR 1220, the new federal standard for non-full-size cribs.
Is this new regulation simply a ban on all drop-side rail cribs?
No, these are sweeping new safety rules that will bring a safer generation of cribs to the marketplace in 2011. CPSC’s new crib standards address many factors related to crib safety in addition to the drop-side rail. A crib’s mattress support, slats, and hardware are now required to be more durable and manufacturers will have to test to the new more stringent requirements to prove compliance.
Are all drop-side rail cribs “recalled” because of the new regulation?
There has not been a specific “recall” of all drop-side cribs due to the new regulation. Instead, some manufacturers recently have recalled their cribs in cooperation with the CPSC because a specific defect or risk of harm has been discovered relating to a particular crib. Although these recalls are separate from CPSC’s new crib standards, traditional drop-side cribs will not meet the new crib standards that will take effect on June 28, 2011, and cribs with traditional drop-sides cannot be sold after that date.
As a consumer, what can I do if I have a drop-side crib?
Some drop-side crib manufacturers have immobilizers that fit their cribs. Drop-side crib immobilizers are devices that are used to secure drop sides to prevent dangerous situations in which the drop-side either partially or fully separates from the crib. As part of a recall, CPSC staff works with companies to provide fixes, or remedies, for products. For drop-side cribs, that remedy has been immobilizers.
Check the CPSC’s website for companies that have recalled their cribs and are providing immobilizers to secure the drop-side on the cribs. These immobilizers were evaluated and approved by CPSC staff for use with these particular drop-side cribs.
If your drop-side crib has not been recalled, you can call the manufacturer and ask if they are making an immobilizer for your crib. Remember, though, that those particular immobilizers have not been tested or evaluated by CPSC staff for use with your specific crib.
Note that a drop side crib, even with an immobilizer installed, will not meet the new CPSC crib standards.
Is a sturdy, non drop-side crib okay for a consumer to use?
It is unlikely that your current crib will meet the new crib standards. The new standards require stronger hardware and rigorous testing to prove a crib’s durability. If you continue to use your current crib, you are encouraged to check the crib frequently to make sure that all hardware is secured tightly and that there are no loose, missing, or broken parts. Note that after December 28, 2012, child care facilities, family child care homes, and places of public accommodations, such as hotels and motels, must provide cribs that comply with the new and improved standards.
My drop-side crib has not been recalled, but I am worried about using it with my baby. Can I return it for a refund?
Manufacturers and retailers are not required to accept returned drop-side cribs or to provide a refund. However, individual retailers and manufacturers may conduct promotions or incentives for their customers.
Is it okay for me as a consumer to resell, donate or give away a crib that does not meet the new crib standards?
A consumer should not resell, donate or give away a crib that does not meet the new crib standards, such as trying to resell the product through an online auction site or donating to a local thrift store. CPSC recommends disassembling the crib before discarding it.
Is the answer different if a piece (“immobilizer”) has been added to my drop-side crib to prevent the side from moving up and down?
Consumers should not sell or give away a drop-side crib that has an added immobilizer because it still will not meet the new crib standards.
If I am unable to purchase a new crib, what can I do to keep my baby safe?
If you continue to use your current crib, you are encouraged to:
- Check CPSC’s crib recall list to make sure that your crib has not been recalled.
- Check the crib frequently to make sure all of the hardware is secured tightly and that there are no loose, missing, or broken parts.
- If your crib has a drop-side rail, stop using that drop-side function. If the crib has been recalled, request a free immobilizer from the manufacturer or retailer (particular immobilizer will vary depending on the crib).
- Another option is to use a portable play yard, so long as it is not a model that has been recalled previously.
CHILD CARE CENTERS AND HOSPITALS
My child care center still has drop-side cribs. Are they in violation of the regulation?
No, child care facilities, family child care homes, and places of public accommodation, such as hotels and motels, have until December 28, 2012, to ensure that the cribs used in their facilities meet the requirements of the CPSC’s new crib standards.
After this date, places of public accommodation may no longer use traditional drop-side cribs or noncompliant cribs and must use cribs meeting the new federal safety standards.
Parents should talk with management about the new standards and the facility’s plan of action for replacing the cribs. Parents also should make sure their baby is not being placed in a recalled crib.
Note: Child care facilities, family child care homes, and places of public accommodation should not resell, donate or give away a crib that does not meet the new crib standards, such as trying to resell the product through an online auction site or donating to a local thrift store. CPSC recommends disassembling the crib before discarding it.
Are hospitals required to provide cribs that comply with the CPSC’s new crib regulation?
The CPSC crib rules require only certain facilities to provide cribs that comply with CPSC rules. Those places include child care facilities, family child care homes, and places of public accommodation such as hotels and motels. Hospital cribs are regulated by the FDA, and are thus considered to be medical devices. Cribs used in hospitals as medical devices are not required to comply with the new CPSC crib standards. However, a child care facility that is owned or operated by, or located in, a hospital is required to provide cribs that meet the new crib standards by December 28, 2012.
If you have additional questions, please e-mail them to [email protected].
This address for this post is: http://www.cpsc.gov/onsafety/2011/03/the-new-crib-standard-questions-and-answers/[/dropdown_box]
The keys to prevention are more air, less moisture and fewer irritants.
1.If your child’s rash is not improving in 2-3 days or the skin has small red raised areas (similar to pimples), blisters or pustules, take your child to your health care provider for evaluation. Areas that look like that will typically not go away without prescription diaper ointment.
2.Do not use wipes on your child’s skin, use a damp wash cloth or paper towel to cleanse them. You may also rinse the wipe out with water, even wipes that are hypo-allergenic still may cause rashes.
3.Do not use diapers with any dye on the inside (*can be very difficult to locate) Costco’s Kirkland brand does not have dye. “Seventh Generation baby” which is hypo-allergenic, and chlorine free diaper is also dye free. The Whole Food store on line and located in West Hartford sells organic diapers.
4.If your child’s diaper is tight fitting go to the next size up
5.Do not put “onesy’s” on your child, when the child’s diaper is soiled the “onesy” causes the soiled area to come in close contact with the skin causing further skin irritation.
6.Do not put tight clothes on your child, such as tights, leotards or tight pants; instead opt for loose sweat pants, jumpers or other comfortable clothes.
7.Change your child more often, as soon as you know they are wet, (every two hours when possible) and use your favorite diaper ointment with each diaper change.
8.At home whenever possible allow your child to be “diaper-free” to allow the skin to be open to air. Put a water proof pad under them and let them play with no diaper on.
9.Make sure the diaper area (their bottom) is completely dry before applying a coat of barrier ointment (fan bottom with another diaper or on COOL blow dry their bottom until dry)
10.Decrease their juice intake, juice may affect the urine production and increase the stool’s ph causing irritation to your child’s skin.
11.Please communicate with your child’s teacher what you are doing at home so they can continue your plan at the center.
12.The most effective diaper creams recommended by a random sample of child care teachers in a survey conducted 6-2009 are as follows #1 Desitin Creamy (26%) #2 A & D (17%), #3 Desitin Overnight (14%) #4 Triple Paste (10%) #5 Butt paste (7%) #6 A&D zinc oxide. (6%)
Bed bug infestations are rapidly increasing worldwide and have made a comeback in the United States.
Bed bugs are increasingly being seen in homes, apartments, health care facilities, schools, dormitories, shelters, motels, and even upscale hotels. Sometimes, they appear in movie theaters, laundries/dry cleaners, office buildings, and furniture rental outlets.
Increased international travel, the end of the use of the pesticide DDT and other changes in pest control practice are some of the factors contributing to this resurgence.
What are bed bugs?
Bed bugs are small but visible to the naked eye, oval shaped, wingless, brownish, flattened insects with prominent eyes. They get their name because they like to live and feed in beds. Adult bed bugs are about 1⁄4 inch long, do not fly, and are sometimes mistaken for ticks or cockroaches. They are mainly night feeders and feed only on blood of warm-blooded animals. Depending on the temperature, bed bugs may live for several weeks or months without feeding.
Under good conditions (temperature above 70° F and regular feeding), a female bed bug, during her lifetime, will lay about 200 to 500 tiny, white eggs in batches of 10 to 50. The eggs hatch in 6 to 17 days and the nymphs (larvae that resemble the adult) begin to feed on blood immediately.
How can one tell if his or her house is infested?
Bed bugs can hide in mattresses, furniture, behind loose wallpaper, baseboards, even inside electrical equipment. They emerge to feed in the dark. Carefully inspect the bed frame, mattress and other furniture for signs of bed bugs, their eggs and dark spotting – feces or blood stains from a bug that had a full meal.
Since bed bugs are hard to spot and difficult to elimi- nate, you may need an inspection from a professional
Provided by California Childcare Health Program For more information, please contact: Healthline 1-800-333-3212
pest management agency. Some companies do this for free, hoping to be hired to remove the bed bugs. Recent research has shown searching with trained dogs can be an effective method for finding bed bug infestations.
What are the signs and symptoms?
A bed bug infestation is more a skin-crawling nuisance than a health problem. The most common sign of bed bug bites is development of small red-looking, itchy bumps on the surface of skin. The linear or clustered lesions indicate repeated feedings by a single bed bug. Some people may develop severe skin reactions that results in inflammation and swelling of the skin at the site of the bite.
In rare cases reactions to bed bug bites can include asthma, generalized hives and even a life-threatening allergy called anaphylaxis that requires emergency treat- ment. Currently there is no scientific evidence that bed bugs spread diseases such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
Tips for Prevention
•Avoid bringing bed bugs home when you travel. If you visit infested areas, bed bugs may travel by hiding in your suitcases and clothes. Inspect your luggage and clothes.
•Inspect your house carefully. You can detect a bed bug infestation by searching for the insects or their fecal spots, egg cases, and shed skins. This includes mattresses, carpeting, pillows and sofa beds, as well as behind chairs and dressers.
•Cover your mattress in plastic. Experts agree that covering mattresses and box springs with durable, leak-proof encasements that prevent any bugs from getting in or out may help.
•Check any secondhand furniture you buy. If you purchase second-hand furniture, especially beds or mattresses, carefully inspect it.
by A. Rahman Zamari, MD, MPH
References and Resources
Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention, Emerging Infectious Disease at www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/
Harvard School of Public Health, Bed Bugs Biology and Management online at www.hsph.harvard.edu/bedbugs/